1.4512 Stainless Steel
All You Need to Know About the Most Commonly Used Chromium-Titanium Ferritic Stainless Steel X2CRTI12, 1.4512, AISI 409 According to EN 10088-2
What is 1.4512 Stainless Steel Grade
The 1.4512-grade stainless steel is the most commonly used ferritic stainless steel. Another commonly used ferritic stainless steel grade, just like 1.4512, is 1.4016. Ferritic stainless steels are magnetic, non-heat-treatable steels. They contain a higher percentage of Chromium when compared to martensitic stainless steel grades.
The 1.4512-grade stainless steel has the following properties:
- High corrosion resistance
- Low risk of sensitization
Why use EN 1.4512 Stainless Steel
The 1.4512 stainless steel grade has high corrosion resistance and will have a long life in demanding atmospheric conditions.
The stainless steel grade also contains a certain percentage of Titanium due to which the steel is at lower sensitization risk. The presence of Titanium resists the occurrence of intergranular corrosion.
Materials made out of 1.4512 stainless steel grade can easily be worked on under elevated temperatures because of their heat-resistant properties. But unlike austenitic acid-resistant steel, the 1.4512 stainless steel is not resistant to many acids, bases, and salts.
What is the chemical composition of 1.4512 stainless steel?
The chemical composition of 1.4512 stainless steel is:
|1.4512 steel chemical element||% present|
|Carbon (C)||0 to 0.05%|
|Manganese (Mn)||0 to 1.00%|
|Silicon (Si) [Max]||0 to 1.00%|
|Chromium (Cr)||10.5 to 12.5%|
|Titanium (Ti)||6 x (C+N) to 0.65%|
|Phosphorus (P)||0 to 0.040%|
|Sulphur (S)||0 to 0.015%|
How to work with 1.4512 steel
|1.4512 steel hot work and heat treatment temperature|
|Annealing °C||Forging °C||Rolling °C|
|770 to 830||1100 to 800||1100 to 800|
|Cooling with Air/Water|
1.4512 stainless steel applications
The main areas of applications of 1.4512 stainless steel include:
- Catalytic converters for automobiles
- Catalytic converters for industrial exhaust systems
- Exhaust systems
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